The verse is about the realization of “an eternal age of progress and a spring with no end” through a “molten, flowing” ḵšûstá “metal/iron” aii.aηhá which “gives or establishes” dávöi the “sign, indication” daḵštem of “a god-like existence” ahv.áhü. Through the gift of “fire” and “courage, spirit, creative imagination” manö, mortal man is no longer enchained to doom and oblivion. [Note: The word namaz or namaaz is used in modern Persian to mean prayer. Find high-quality stock photos that you won't find anywhere else. Long known as fire worshippers, Zoroastrian fire adoration traces its roots back to those combustible oil deposits found naturally near the surface of the ground there, most notably the Baku Springs region. The polytheistic faith of the early Persians was most likely already developed in some form prior to their arrival in the region of Iran sometime around the 3rd millennium BCE and then was influenced by the Elamites and people of Susiana who were already established there. Zoroastrianism is a pre-Islamic Iranian religion and one of the world’s oldest monotheistic religions. I shall conclude by Yasna 34.4 from the poetic gathas: at töi áθrém ahûrá//aôjö.aηh.vañtem ašá ûsé.mahî, asîštém éma.vañtem//stöi rapañtæ ciθrá-av.aηhem, at mazdá daibiš.iiañtæ//zastá.ištá.áiš dereštá-aæn.aηhem, Thy fire, god-force//energetic through cosmic order, truth; is our object of wish/desire, Swift and mighty//stands to radiate happiness, manifesting good fortune. The temporal fire represents the spiritual flame (mainyu athra) within us and the ethical values of Asha: order, beneficence, honesty, fairness and justice. The chief symbol of Zoroastrianism is fire. In Zoroastrian sacred lore, like in the Norse mythology, the end of the mundane world comes first with 3 harsh, most severe winters and then with fire. Zoroastrians are not fire-worshippers, as some Westerners wrongly believe. The gathering areas were on hillsides and hilltops. In Zoroastrianism, fire symbolizes the Struggle between being and becoming, the pure transformative energy, the WILL POWER that drives mortal man forward towards godhood and becoming infinitely better. Zoroastrian Zoroastrianism practices: Zoroastrians believe that the elements are pure and that fire represents God’s light or wisdom. Besides the many goods traded on the Silk Road, beliefs and cultures were also exchanged between nations. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In as much as the spiritual fire - the mainyu athra - is to be fed the fuel of good thoughts and a life led according to the principles of Asha (scriptural reference: Gatha 31.3), the temporal fire is fed pure fuels so that it too may burn with vigour and brightness. By mimicking the cosmic order ašá/arthá, mortal man becomes a “divine artist” aša.van/artha.van and finds the everlasting fire within. Compare with Hindi namaste from Vedic Sanskrit namas-te meaning 'honouring-you'. The purpose of human life was to choos… Standing before an eternal flame reciting a manthra is one way to contemplate the nature of God's creation and how to work in concert with God's creation - an act of piety and worship. The gathering areas were on hillsides and hilltops. The priests re-introduced ritualism and the worship of the old nature-deities in a new garb by making them archangels of Ahura Mazda. ), The Avestan áthar is related to Czech vatra, Romanian vatrā “fire,” Latin āter “blackened by fire,” atrium “chimney, space over hearth” come from the same root, (Courtesy of Didier Calin. Over time, Zoroastrians developed the concept of worshipping in temples, sometimes called fire temples. Change ). A fire temple, Atashkadeh (Persian: آتشکده ‎), Atashgah (آتشگاه) or Dar-e Mehr (در مهر) is the place of worship for the followers of Zoroastrianism, the ancient religion of Iran . In ancient times, historical records state than when the community gathered together for a religious event, they did so in open air gathering areas around a podium where a fire was lit. Zarathushtra, and later tradition, refer to the Gathas as mathra (later called a manthra). Persia is now a Mohammedan country. Zarathushtra proclaimed the worship of Ahura Mazda (the Wise Lord or the Lord of Wisdom) who is believed to have created a good world consisting of seven elements of creation: the sky, waters, earth, plants, cattle, humans, and fire. English - fire, Greek pyr, Sanskrit pu). Muslims have also taken the concept of praying five times a day and using a prayer cap or head-covering while praying from Zoroastrianism. We read in the poetic gathas, Yasna 51.9 2nd rhymed verse line: aii.aηhá ḵšûstá aibî ahv.áhü daḵštem dávöi. In Zoroastrianism, the great gift of the Gods is manö the “mind energy/courage/spirit” to face destiny with unbounded “fiery vitality,” become the artist of the gods aša.van/artha.van and to win the timeless glory sravá by “hearing the song/music of the Immortals.”, In the poetic gathas, the protection páiiüm of Mazdá the “supreme god of inspiring creativity,” is sought in none “other than thy fire and mind power” aniiém θwahmát áθras.čá man.aηhas.čá, (See Yasna 46.7, 3rd rhymed verse line. Zoroastrianism stills retains practitioners in the 21st Century, most notably the Parsees of Mumbai, India. Zoroastrianism (or Mazdaism) is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of prophet Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra, in Avestan) and was formerly among the world’s largest religions. The Scripture Selection page provides some verses from the Gathas and their translations. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. At the heart of a Zoroastrian place of worship burns a fire - and where possible the fire burns continuously symbolizing an eternal flame. Parsi Zoroastrians worship beside the sea near the Gateway to India, Mumbai, Prayers offered by a congregation during the death anniversary of Zarathushtra. Fire, in Zoroastrianism therefore, is considered one of the most sacred elements of nature. Thus, in the universe as well as in man, the state of becoming ahüric or god-like is realized through purging by a fiery trial. This overcoming of limitations times and again, the rising above the mundane and the attainment of the infinite through the act of becoming ever better, is called “eternal progress” in the Zoroastrian sacred literature. In certain temples, this fire is kept burning continuously, representing an eternal flame. The Misconception of Zoroastrians as Fire Worshipers . It is the holiest element within the religion, and their places of worship are often referred to as fire temples. In short, it is the richest residence of the kings. Zoroastrians are not fire-worshippers, as they are sometimes called. In the eastern (and perhaps original) regions of the Zoroastrian homeland, there are older (3,000 BCE?) » Top, •  © Author: K. E. Eduljee, Zoroastrian Heritage, 2005-17 (researched from 1979 onwards)   •  Contact   •  Page validated by W3C.org, Jashan / Jashne - Thanksgiving Ceremonies. In the Zoroastrian scriptures is a section called the Gathas or hymns. Their wont, however, is to ascend the summits of the loftiest mountains..." In temples the source of light is a flame maintained in a fire urn. In the Zoroastrian religion, fire (see atar), together with clean water (see aban), are agents of ritual purity The terms “Fire Worship” and “Fire-Worshippers” were always associated with Zoroastrianism and Zoroastrians throughout history. When they wished to worship as a community, they did so in open air gathering areas around a podium where a fire was lit. In as much as the spiritual fire - the mainyu athra - is to be fed the fuel of good thoughts and a life led according to the principles of Asha (s… that God be adored in quietude." een belangrijke, door de staat gesteunde religie in Iran geweest. tot en met de 7e eeuw n. Chr. There are indications that dried shrubs, twigs and wood from Camel Thorn, Juniper and Plane (Chenar) trees were traditionally used for the atash-gah fires.]. In the Zoroastrian sacred poetry fire/luminous energy is the visible son or prodigy pûthræ of Ahûrá Mazdá. The temporal fire represents the spiritual flame (mainyu athra) within us and the ethical values of Asha: order, beneficence, honesty, fairness and justice. Fire temples are places of worship in Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrian struggle is to bring “the spiritual and the infinite” into the world and to discover the eternal flame within. II.28, 227A), that most learned deliverer of wise opinions, teaches us that Magiæ (Magism) is by a mystic name Machagistia (Mazdayasni? Avesta talks of 5 kinds of fires (See Yasna 17.11). This is because Zoroastrians face a source of light when they pray. The sacred fire, which was common to Indian and Iranian traditions even before Zarathushtra, is the central icon of the faith. This belief system held that there were many gods, ruled by Ahura Mazda, who guided and protected humanity from the threats and influences of dark forces, led by the spirit-deity Angra Mainyu. Zoroastrians worship together on special occasions often called a jashne or jashan (also jashn / jasan), words that evolved from yasna (Avestan), which later became yazishn (Middle Persian) and then izeshne or ijeshne. Fire is the visible embodiment of the Gods and the “brilliant element” that binds the world of mortal men to the “luminous and limitless” realm of the Immortals. ( Log Out /  ( Log Out /  Fire—along with water—are seen as symbols of purity in Zoroastrian religion.Zoroastrian places of worship are sometimes called fire temples. Szwenta “auspicious, holy, increasing” is the same as the Avestan speñtá. Zoroastrianism is one of the world's oldest monotheistic religions. In fact, the Persian word doud-man “lineage, dynasty, house” goes back to the SMOKE arising from the “family hearth.” Thus an eternal flame burning in “home, hearth and kin group” is both a consequence and a requirement of ašá/arθá “excellence, truth, world order.”. It was founded by the Prophet Zoroaster (or Zarathustra) in ancient Iran … In these districts the lands of the Magi are fertile; and it may be as well to give a short account of that sect and their studies, since we have occasion to mention their name. These hymns are believed to be the original words of Zarathushtra, faithfully preserved as an oral tradition through the generations. 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