The piano sonata was composed during the approximately 10-year period of Mozart's life as a freelance artist in Vienna after he removed himself from the patronage of the Archbishop of Salzburg in 1781. Condition: Used “Mozart.” Grove Music Online. When published by Artaria, the set was dedicated to Therese von Trattner, a student of Mozart. Both share distinct and separate ideas. This then gives way to the middle section of F minor. 11 in A Major, K. 331: I. Arthur Grumiaux : Mozart Violin Concerto VG+ / VG+. Web. Composed in three movements, it is a good example of sonata form due to its adherence to the standard textbook definition, but also because of its differences and ensuing exploration of formatic ideas. Mozart: Piano Sonata K.331, Rondo K.511, Fantasie K.397, Variations K.455. The return of the recapitulation is signaled by the return of the first theme group. Although there are several identifiable melodies, this movement uses more motivic sequencing than the previous two. Conflicts with his father also produced tension as Mozart wanted to move on to other places of employment, but Leopold wanted him to stay in Salzburg with a reputable position. To contrast this strong opening, Mozart includes lyrical and smooth melodies in the second theme group in E-flat Major. Web. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) was a Classical composer who used and contributed to the development of this form. Example 3 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Sonata, K. 457, 2nd movt. 8 in A minor, K. 310, which was written six years earlier, around the time of the death of Mozart's mother. Web. 8 & 9 VG+ / VG. Stream songs including "Fantasia in C minor, K. 475: I. Adagio", "Fantasia in C minor, K. 475: II. Gordon, Stewart. One is sublimely joyous, the other sublimely tragic, and on this CD they present a fascinating study in contrasts, like Falstaff and Hamlet. Sandra Mangsen, et al. Commonly played before Mozart's K.457 piano sonata, with which it was published. 47. [2], The Piano Sonata No. The recapitulation occurs from bar 100 to 168, this time the second subject is in C minor instead of the E-flat major of the exposition, and the coda ends the piece from bar 168 to 185. This motif is shown twice exactly the same, the first is shown, modulating into G minor, then C minor, where the same cut-in-half principal subject is heard. There are several interesting characteristics about this first movement. m. 168-171. The last ten measures of this piece were probably written by a man named August Muller, who was a fan of Mozart. Mozart’s Piano Sonata No. In the same year, the piece was published in Vienna together with the Piano Sonata in C minor under the collective designation "Op. Eugene K. Wolf at the University of Pennsylvania was contacted to identify and authenticate the manuscripts. He died in Vienna on December 5, 1791 due to unknown causes. The first movement, “Allegro,” is a standard single movement sonata form. 3 In B Minor, Op. Eventually, the sonata developed into a three-movement piece with a fast-slow-fast format. Completed on October 14, 1784, this piece was composed during Mozart’s Vienna years. Mozart's sonata feels in several ways prophetic of Beethoven's C minor sonata Piano Sonata No. The coda ends the movement, formed from previous material. An insensitive ruler, the Count of Colloredo was appointed to the Archbishop position in 1782, and was not fond of music (Gordon 124). Holding much “pedagogical significance,” the movement showcases Mozart’s compositional development in terms of variation and ornamentation (Irving 74). Free from the Archbishop’s oppression, Mozart was able to explore secular themes that provide the basis for his greatest operas. Oxford Music Online. Leah G. Parr, author “Molto Allegro” returns the piece to its C minor tonal center and fiery personality. 14 in C Minor, K. 457 is considered one of the most important. Mozart's own stylistic development closely paralleled the development of the classical style as a whole. Lacking the optional introduction, the exposition begins with the first theme group in the tonic key followed by a transition leading to the second theme group in the relative major, as the tonic key is C minor. A History of Keyboard Literature: Music for the Piano and Its Forerunners. Print. Mozart’s Fantasia in D minor, K. 397, was composed in 1782 and was left unfinished at his death. A prolific composer, Mozart created successful compositions in all genres, including symphonies, masses, chamber works, solo instrumental sonatas, and opera, often employing sonata form into multiple genres. Showing virtuosic musical talents from an early age, Mozart began composing and performing at age five along with his sister Nannerl. 14 in C minor, K. 457, by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was composed and completed in 1784, with the official date of completion recorded as 14 October 1784 in Mozart's own catalogue of works. 13 “Pathetique” by Beethoven, as they both start with the same notes: C, B-flat, and E-flat (Gordon 135-136). Details about ENGEL Piano MOZART Fantasia K.397 2 Rondos Sonata K.283 Electrola E-60732 10" ENGEL Piano MOZART Fantasia K.397 2 Rondos Sonata K.283 Electrola E-60732 10" Item Information. The subject remains strong until the transition, where the opening motif is taken one octave higher, and a scale-type passage modulates the key to the relative major, E♭ major. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A typical performance lasts eighteen minutes. 14 In C Minor, K. 457 & Fantasia In C Minor, K. 396 - Chopin: Piano Sonata No. iano Sonata No. [2] The styles of both Muzio Clementi and C. P. E. Bach have been suggested to have influenced the composition of the fantasy, whether consciously or subconsciously. Although composed at different times (the Fantasia was finished on May 20, 1785), the two pieces are musically similar, with some believing that Mozart viewed the Fantasia as an extended prelude to the Sonata (Wolf 5-6). The titles for the Sonata’s three movements are “Allegro,” “Adagio,” and “Molto Allegro.” Although they bear great similarity to the textbook definitions of the corresponding individual forms, there are also many differences that make this piece unique. 14 in C Minor, K. 457 follows this standard practice as the first movement is in single movement form, the second movement is a drawn out ABA, and the last movement resembles a rondo. The principal subject of this movement is seven bars long, consisting mainly of bass broken chord accompaniment and a melody. Bass, Richard. Mozart dedicated Piano Sonata K. 457 and Fantasia K. 475 to Theresa, and also sent her two letters in which he explained how these works should be interpreted. The same melody is repeated, followed by a sequential passage going through A♭ minor, B♭ minor, and C minor, ending on a half-cadence. 14 in C Minor, K. 457 - III. 8 in C minor, "Pathétique" (which it predates by roughly fifteen years), and both works share a similar overall structure. There is no passage of transition to the second subject, only a basic chord on E♭'s dominant seventh. Oxford Music Online. However in this piece, there is an additional coda, after the repeat bars signaling the end of the balanced Recapitulation. The second section, or episode, begins in A♭ major. The most unstable section harmonically, this goes through the keys of C major, F minor, G minor, and returning to the original part in C minor. His superb knowledge in theory and form contributed to the “virtually flawless” quality of his music (Gordon 125). At this moment, we hear the original principal subject cut short into half. An original autograph of the two pieces was rediscovered in 1990 at the Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary in Philadelphia by Judith DiBona, an amateur pianist and accounting manager at Eastern's sister school. See Also List of Intermediate Piano Repertoire. He married Constanze Weber on August 4, 1782, after which they lived a lavish lifestyle, sending them into debt due to Mozart’s ghastly spending habits and inability to manage money. SASTRUPHON SM-7046. m. 1-4. Wolf also found differences in paper types between the first and third movements of the sonata and the second Adagio movement, which implies that the second movement was written down at a separate time from the rest of the sonata. The Mozart D Major Sonata and the Schubert F Minor Fantasia together represent the summit of the four-handed piano literature. Although they were published together as the same opus, Mozart sometimes performed the pieces separately. Example 1 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Sonata, K. 457, 1st movt. First, the form is free from the usual sonata structure and instead presents a collection of ideas and themes after each other. In bar 296, the Neapolitan sixth is found in C minor. On the slow movement of the C minor Piano Sonata K. 457", International Music Score Library Project, Performance of Fantasy and Sonata by Paavali Jumppanen, Sonata in C major for piano four-hands, K. 521, Sonata in C major for keyboard four-hands, K. 19d, List of solo piano compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Piano_Sonata_No._14_(Mozart)&oldid=998611858, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April 2019, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 05:54. Web. Wikimedia, 17 Nov 2015. Oxford University   Press. At this point in time, dance suites, church suites, and sonatas were musically identical, producing works of four or more movements in alternating slow-fast tempi. Comparisons have been made between this sonata’s opening movement to that of Sonata in F Minor, Op. View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the 2006 CD release of Piano Sonatas & Fantasias on Discogs. This melody starts off exactly the same as the second movement in Beethoven's Pathétique sonata. However the second has a great fiery sense to it. 14 as a uniquely "somber and passionate" work of Mozart's, and states that "no other music composed before Beethoven contains so many Beethovenian elements," namely the "contrast of themes and the sense of ceaseless struggle."[5]. This form, although not theoretically labeled until the mid-nineteenth century, “is a three-section design consisting of exposition, development, and recapitulation of two principal themes, labeled respectively the first and second subjects” (Irving 99). 8 in C minor, "Pathétique", "An Analysis of Piano Sonata No. awarded first place for best humanities paper. "[4], John Gillespie, Professor of Music at the University of California, describes the Piano Sonata No. Typically, both theme groups presented in the exposition are in the tonic key during the Recapitulation, C minor in this instance. Mozart was extremely deliberate in choosing tonalities for his compositions; therefore, his choice of C minor for this sonata implies that this piece was perhaps a very personal work.[3]. [1] It was published in December 1785 together with the Fantasy in C minor, K. 475, as Opus 11 by the publishing firm Artaria, Mozart's main Viennese publisher. 17 Nov. 2015. Oxford University   Press. However, all modulatory sections are in closely related keys, with some material repeated later on in the tonic key. Belmont, CA: Schirmer Cengage Learning, 1996. Web. Isaac Stern : Brahms Violin Concerto In D Major - Columbia 6 Eyes EX / EX. 14 in C minor, K. 457", "How an original Mozart A flat escaped from the dust. m. 168-171. Download Mozart: Fantasia in C Minor, K.396 - Piano Sonatas, K.281, K.282, K.576 by Alfred Brendel in high-resolution audio at ProStudioMasters.com - Available in 96 kHz / 24-bit AIFF, FLAC high resolution… The bridge to the next section is modulated from E♭ major to C minor. Because it is believed that this movement was written separately from the outer movements, it does not have a typical form found within a sonata, and is vastly different from the intense outer movements (Irving 75). Chúc mừng bạn đã thêm playlist Mozart: Fantasia In C Minor, K. 475, Piano Sonata No. Andante cantabile" and more. : Piano Sonatas Nos. 11." The development is short, with thematic development from both theme groups. There is chromatic and cadenza like material before the return of the A section, which not only develops the first theme, but includes the second theme in the tonic key of E-flat Major: Example 4 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Sonata, K. 457, 2nd movt. Although they were published together as the same opus, Mozart sometimes performed the pieces separately. Eventually, the Trattners would become godparents to four of Mozart's children. Oxford Music Online. Vlasenko Lev piano. Listen to Mozart: Sonatas & Fantasias by Hans Pålsson on Apple Music. Scarlatti’s opera overtures, formatted into fast-slow-fast sections, were “expanded into a pattern on which the sequence of movements in the sonata were based” (Gordon 75). 11 in A Major, K. 331: II. The first theme in C minor is a reference to the orchestral gesture known as the Mannheim rocket (Gordon 135). Two composers influenced this: Alessandro Scarlatti (1660-1725) and Georg Christoph Wagenseil (1715-1777). Leopold, also a composer, was Mozart’s primary source of education at the beginning of his life (Eisen). Mozart: Piano Sonata No.17 in B flat, K.570 - 1. Pogorelich’s rendition, which swings between lethargic point making and porcelain doll, oh-so-pretty pianissimi, doesn’t help matters. Stream songs including "Fantasia In D Minor K 397, Andante - Adagio - Presto - Allegretto, Stossmechanik, Hand Stops", "Sonata In a Major K 331 'Alla Turca', I Andante Grazioso, Var. One of Mozart's themes in his spacious second movement is very similar to the theme of Beethoven's sonata's second movement. David Oistrakh & Pierre Fournier : Brahms Double Concerto - SXLP NM / NM. A typical performance takes about 18 minutes. For example, the first time we see the B theme, it is in the relative major: Example 5 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Sonata, K. 457, 3rd movt. Three aspects of the “Allegro” movement oppose the textbook form. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Mitsuko Uchida - Mozart: 2 Sonatas KV 331 & 332; Fantasia KV 397 - Amazon.com Music The second time we see this theme, it is in the tonic: Example 6 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Sonata, K. 457, 3rd movt. 3, 8, 12, 18 - Fantasia In D Minor, K. 397 by Linda Nicholson on Apple Music. In the exposition, the first theme is presented in the tonic key and the second theme in either the dominant (if the tonic is major) or relative major (if the tonic is minor). The Fantasy by nature has a more improvisational quality than the subsequent sonata, and the pairing presents a classical correlation to the baroque combination of fantasy and fugue. This movement contains a great tragic sense that really makes it stand out. Info for Mozart: Fantasia in C Minor, K.396; Piano Sonatas. - so you can choose your favorite. The most identifiable form element of a three-movement sonata is the single movement sonata form, typically used in the first movement. It is a standard compositional practice to include dominant preparation material in the retransition back to tonic between the development and the recapitulation. The Piano Sonata No. Although we do see one measure built on the dominant seventh chord, there is more material built upon the seven fully diminished seventh chord right before the recapitulation. Surpassing all the others by reason of the fire and passion which, to its last note, breathe through it, it foreshadows the pianoforte sonata, as it was destined to become in the hands of Beethoven. And third, Mozart didn't actually write the … Stream songs including "Piano Sonata No. Mozart recorded the date of completion as 20 May 1785 in his private catalogue of works. He emerged with findings concerning the time of composition between the movements of the sonata and the fantasy, which were published in The Journal of Musicology in 1992. Example 2 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Sonata, K. 457, 1st movt. The A section is rounded in itself, with a first theme in tonic and a second that modulates to the dominant B-flat Major, as seen below, closing with an embellished return of the opening theme. I - VI, Stossmechanik, Hand Stops" and more. However, after repeating the first theme group, Mozart introduces new melodic material in D-flat Major, the supertonic major, instead of presenting theme 2a in the tonic (Gordon 135). The subject, which is unusually long, consists of two parts, both ending with perfect cadences. Although composed in 1784, it remains in the performance repertoire today, to be enjoyed by listeners of all ages. [1], Köchel said of this sonata, "Without question this is the most important of all Mozart's pianoforte sonatas. 3 In B Flat Major, K. 281: II. Mozart’s Fantasie in D minor, K. 397 is a surprisingly difficult work to pull off: the piece was left incomplete by Mozart and an ending was tacked on (and sounds tacked on), by August Eberhard Müller. Mozart Fantasia: General info. Andante Amoroso" and more. Out of his seventeen sonatas for solo piano, his Piano Sonata No. “Piano Sonata No. It was during the Vienna period that Mozart composed his most successful and masterwork operas that are still performed today. Vlasenko Lev piano ; Verbitsky / US. m. 47-50. Fantasia in C minor, K. 475 is a piece of music for solo piano composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in Vienna on 20 May 1785. 9 Sept 2015. Opinions have differed on whether or not Mozart intended the two to be performed together. This idea of multiple themes and modulations was first explored by Domenico Scarlatti (1685-1757), an early Classical composer, in his 555 sonatas. Nathan Milstein : Beethoven Sonata No. These movements in themselves had their own form, usually a binary dance form with two distinct sections. Listen to Mozart: Sonatas K 331 Alla Turca & K 570, Fantasia K 397, Adagio K 540 by Tom Beghin on Apple Music. Irving, John. Mozart's Fantasy or Fantasia in D minor is somewhat unusual in several respects. m. 56-57. Theme and Variations: Andante grazioso", "Piano Sonata No. 17 Nov. 2015. Dr. Gordon Ring, faculty advisor In the development, these themes are basically developed and possibly expanded in various keys, with a return to the first tonic theme signaling the recapitulation, in which both themes are in the tonic key. Web. It was published in 1785 as Fantasia and Sonata in C Minor, containing both Fantasia in C Minor, K. 475 and the Sonata. The second subject then contains Alberti bass in the left hand, with a dancing, flowing melody in the right hand, completely changing the character in the ringing key of E♭. Oxford University Press. It was published as Opus 11, in December 1785, together with the Sonata in C minor, K. 457, the only one of Mozart's piano sonatas to be published together with a work of a different genre. 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